Birds The common blackbird (Turdus merula) is a species of true thrush. It is also called Eurasian blackbird (especially in North America, to distinguish it from the unrelated New World blackbirds or simply blackbird where this does not lead to confusion with a similar-looking local species. It breeds in Europe, Asia, North Africa, Australia and New Zealand. The common wood pigeon (Columba palumbus) is a large species in the dove and pigeon family. It belongs to the genus Columba and, like all pigeons and doves, belongs to the family Columbidae.